Wednesday, August 26, 2020

How Stable Was the Tsarist Autocracy in 1914 Essay Example

How Stable Was the Tsarist Autocracy in 1914 Essay By the start of the Great War, Russia was at that point profoundly separated, and the political structure so delicate, overstrained and helpless, that it is difficult to envision that it could have endure even without war (Fitzpatrick) Soviet students of history, who, at the hour of composing, were trying to legitimize their system, would concur with Sheila Fitzpatrick that by 1914, Russias system was at that point dead and it was inescapable that the imminent transformation of 1917 would take place.However liberal antiquarians, with the point of wrecking the picture of the Communist systems, have would in general normally concur with Services condition, No war. No unrest and that the multi year struggle resembled a thunderclap which kept Russia from following the majority rule way to modernisation as her Western partners had done. In any case, it is the Revisionist perspective that remains in equivalent equalization expressing that war ought to be viewed as a sort of Final Judgment' (Figes) to deliver a decision on all the occasions that have happened in Russia before that. The oust of the Romanovs became likelier as year succeeded year (Service) however it was the war that was the last nail in the final resting place for Russias liberal and popularity based would like to balance, opportunity and peace.Students of upsets have seen that, when in doubt, the complaints of the individuals look in reverse not forward. As opposed to uproar for new rights, individuals gripe of being shamefully denied of antiquated rights, genuine or envisioned (Pipes) and in Russia at the time the workers kept on communicating the fatherly and unequivocal financial interest for the nullification of respectable land ownership.And as Russias steadiness relied upon the laborer (Pipes), any vulnerability in the workers life had expansive ramifications for the dependability of the entire of society. While nonconformists accept that the changes presented post-1905 guaranteed an answer for rustic neediness and land hunger, which they likewise guarantee were the two reasons liable for worker distress paving the way to the war, and that the provincial economy was on the rising way to modernisation solidness, the Revisionists cast numerous shadows of uncertainty with respect to the adequacy of Stolypins changes. Figes remarks that actually, some time before 1914, Stolypins land changes had [already] come to a standstill. He goes further to call attention to that Stolypin himself expressed that it would take in any event 20 years to change Russian culture, yet as per the pace of progress, Figes contends it would have taken the best piece of a century for the system to make the solid agrarian bourgeoisie that it had obviously chosen to stake its future.His decision regarding the matter is that the land nook development, had, similar to all other tsarist changes, come past the point of no return. This is as a distinct difference to the dissidents who have brought up that af ter the prompt weight was mitigated by the annulment of recovery contribution and the presentation of a few tax cuts, the proposed land changes would make a smooth way for supported development in farming profitability. They center their contention around the way that the bet on the solid and calm held tremendous potential advantages, for example, private undertaking, merged farmsteads, a lower populace and a portable work power. In the expressions of Acton, present day strategies would supplant the ancient actualizes. They at that point infer that social laborer aggravations fell in the pre-war years and this highlighted serene turn of events, and with every year the workers intrigue and backing for the norm would develop and if a continued time of harmony and peacefulness was conveyed, the strain in the laborer would subside and in the long run stop. For the nonconformists of this world, 1905 denoted a turning point.Whilst one will in general concur with the dissidents in saying t hat the financial record of tsarism was not unremarkable, nor was it noteworthy. For most revisionists, 1905 was in actuality a defining moment yet not towards serene majority rule recuperation however towards shakiness and vulnerability. They break any deceptions the majority rules system adoring and socialist despising nonconformists hold and infuse into the image a rest of cold reality. They see the conventional liberal perspective on upheaval as a possibility result of war (Acton) as inadmissible. They not just contend that in the years paving the way to 1914, worker land craving and militancy stayed extreme yet state much further that social distress originated from not just those whose way of life was horrendously low, however from the more financially judicious and dynamic laborer (a reality the nonconformists never connected with the peasant).Mass unsettling influence proof of Soviet history specialists, as indicated by Revisionists is, best case scenario unsteady, and those discoveries depended on untrustworthy proof and sources. While nonconformists excuse these figures through and through, Revisionists show up progressively anxious to look at the proof before finishing up. It is difficult for an expert history specialist to excuse 20, 000 social aggravations between 1907-14 while there were outstanding harvests and a solid recuperation of the grain price.Modernisation was occurring, even in the open country, in spite of the considerable number of cries from the Soviets of semi-medieval abuse on the ranch. New land was being utilized, new harvests seed strains and turns frameworks were presented, new cultivating hardware was being used and there was an expansion in yield for each hectare. Be that as it may, Revisionist students of history cast an uncertainty over the liberal understanding and investigation of occasions. For the normal laborer, because of a stamped increment in the degree of interest in food and buyer items inside the open country, th e way of life rose in the decades preceding even 1905, yet the upheaval despite everything happened. In this manner the Revisionists present the contention that worker forcefulness is anything but an immediate outcome or capacity of by and large degree of destitution yet their turmoil additionally originates from a need to accomplish political objectives. They further excuse the liberal point that a decrease in charges or a conclusion to reclamation duty was probably going to mitigate worker defiance. Indeed it was the inability to understand the rising financial and political desires and the workers emphaticness of those objectives that would guarantee pressures just deteriorated and shakiness flowered.The Neo-Populist Revisionist antiquarians additionally call attention to that Stolypins changes of the Commune were trivial as significant developments had occurred in towns where collectives won. Destroying the cooperative would in itself be a significant boundary to agrarian improv ement, and for by far most, the choice of leaving the collective held little fascination and protection from Stolypin was savage. (Acton) Few remaining it and hardly any new helpful thoughts came out of the individuals who had. In opposition to both Soviet and Liberal perspectives, Neo-Populists express that there was no commercialisations formation of separation between the rustic bourgeoisie and the provincial low class. Acton calls attention to that the old style impact of the market and business rivalry, which the two Marxists and liberal financial analysts underestimate was not occurring. The common redistribution of land, overwhelming inconveniences of the State and the helplessness of the kulaks to the high points and low points of climate and the atmosphere all countered any commercialisation.Communes didnt split, in any event, when times were acceptable. Nobody needed rich ranchers, particularly on the off chance that they were their neighbor, and they would despise the way that somebody had more than them. So most by far of center laborers were bound together by the Commune and pressures in the town were continually turned towards an increasingly significant foe the aristocrat. The town had a typical intrigue, a lifestyle, and a point of view (Acton). The Revisionists accept that the workers were joined in their conspicuous disdain and ill will towards the nobility. Fundamentally the laborers were not just joined even with land deficiencies and financial difficulties but at the same time were politically roused to dispose of the upper class thus would hold onto land similarly as anxiously as it had done in the upset of 1905. This is oppositely inverse to the liberal plan to not so much aggravations but rather more rustic happiness. This lone features and recognizes the intricate issue of steadiness in the locales encompassing the towns.The Revisionists likewise can't help contradicting the Soviets. They don't compare social pressures with monetary or political procedures at the core of the Marxist translation. As the pace of progress and the degree of the way of life builds, at that point the Revisionists call attention to that it turns out to be exceedingly difficult for the Soviets to guarantee that there is primitive misuse in the towns and that individuals are despondent. Likewise the revisionists debate the request of the Soviet history specialists that the laborer development followed the low class vanguard. In spite of the fact that Lenins gathering of another sort offered direction, the workers could revolt and vanquish all they need without anyone else. Revisionists show that Lenins virtuoso wasnt required, as workers were fit for supporting their own revolt. One Russian maxim goes hence: Give a destitute man some bread, and hellfire before long take the entire portion. Desires were high, and with each and every piece of change, the workers demanded more (bread).In reality the Russian laborer, according to Revisionists , before long took in the meaning of starving and the motivation behind why it was in this way, through an improvement of his proficiency levels. The laborer turned out to be all the more politically cognizant without the guide of the Socialists, in what ever structure they came. The laborers were autonomous, and this would demonstrate right in February 1917, when they at long last seized land absent a lot of help of communist gatherings. In spite of the fact that we know, by taking a gander at the last two Duma creations, that the workers were increasingly great towards the communists. At the point when this joined with the laborers declining regard for built up power particularly the aristocrats, the pattern of requests quickened. On the off chance that respectable landownership, the prime wellspring of laborer disdain, was fa

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Sigmund Freud Essay Example For Students

Sigmund Freud Essay Sigmund Freud(1856-1939)Julissa TarrilloOctober 24, 2002Psychology 101Dr. J. K. DawotolaSigmund Freud was conceived on May 6, 1856 in Freiberg (presently Pribor, Czech Republic). Freud was taught at Vienna University. At that point him and his family moved to Leipzig from the counter Semitic mobs. His aspiration in his youth had been a profession in law yet then he chose to be clinical understudy before he entered to Vienna University in 1873. After this he want to examine common science and to tackle testing issues that went up against contemporary researcher. In his multi year at Vienna University Freud started his examination in focal sensory system in the physiological lab under the bearing of German Physician Ernst Wilhelm Von Brucke. This sort of criticism got basic in Freuds free affiliation meetings. What the patient discussed was not completely straight forward it was rather camouflaged. This camouflaging was normal since it was an instrument utilized purchase the cognizant so as to ensure itself. In the end these youth encounters formed into the hypothesis of the Oedipus complex. This complex implied that since a larger part of a little youngster life is gone through with only two guardians, he frames a fascination in the other gender and a hatred towards the dad. The Oedipus Complex in actuality had solid help from Freuds own encounters. As a kid he had seen his own mom stripped and had gotten explicitly stimulated. And furthermore when his dad kicked the bucket it worked up recollections of when he had detested his dad and even envisioned his demise. He commented, I have discovered an affection for the mother and a desirously of the dad in my own case as well, and now trust it to be a general wonder of yout h, regardless of whether it doesn't happen so right on time as in youngsters who have been made hysterics. Each youngster is confronted with the undertaking of acing the ids desires for the incestual relations of the Oedipus, and inability to do so brought about a reason for hypochondria. Anyway it could be contended that the sentiments never leave but instead become stifled. In any case, the Oedipus Complex turned into the premise of a considerable lot of his hypotheses and assisted with making shocking improvements in the zone of dream examination. Freud once said that, Dreams are the regal street to he oblivious. What he ment by this is the point at which we dream our cognizant discharges its watchman and we can investigate our inward riddles. He found that each fantasy has a type of wish fullfillment. These desires are something quelled by the cognizant and just turn out in mask. In accepted that our bodies had a ready framework where in the day it is on and mindful yet around evening time it kills. Anyway now and then it remains marginally on and on the off chance that it finds an idea sneaking past it promptly sends driving forces to the cerebrum awakening the person. The fantasies he dissected comprised of two sections, an inactive and a show. The show was the undeniable and the inert was the covered up and baffling. A fantasy that he encountered when he was seven uses these parts. In his fantasy he saw his granddad in his moms bed which was being conveyed by winged animal men. Subsequent to contemplating this numerous yea r later he went to the acknowledgment that the dead granddad spoke to his disdain and desire to his dad; his moms bed spoke to his sexual inclination towards her; and the fledgling men was from a discussion he had with a nearby kid and the Egyptian winged creatures he had found out about in chapel. He additionally found that outer powers could impact a fantasy. In a few examinations he would place cologne before a patient and they envisioned they were in Cairo going about as a legend, and in another episode a man longed for a splendid gleam when in all actuality his child was ablaze in the following room.

Is there a legitimacy of IMF duties and did IMF fulfill its promises Essay

Is there an authenticity of IMF obligations and did IMF satisfy its guarantees - Essay Example The store was additionally accused of the duty of profiting its assets to part states confronting hardships in their parity of installments, and diminishing just as shortening the level of awkwardness in the worldwide equalization of installments to its part states (Soros, 2002: pp 116). The IMF has added to positive change in various part nations since its foundation. At its initiation, it embraced the overwhelming errand of reestablishing financial development and strength, particularly after the universal war, and the consequence of the extraordinary worldwide melancholy. The IMF embraced a straightforward working rule that all nations share some principal financial objectives; that incorporate accomplishment of high pay and business levels, and that nations can accomplish these objectives by receiving strong macroeconomic arrangements, teaming up to make worldwide fiscal frameworks work effectively and making their economies available to exchange (Camdessus, 1998). It has not been simple for IMF since the worldwide economy has had its victories and difficulties, particularly during the store's underlying years. For all the nations that embraced the IMF standards, their business rates rose, their national wages developed, and their exchange extended hugely, introducing right around fifty years of worldwide flourishing. The worldwide economy is considerably more com... Likewise, there are presently different conversion scale courses of action which have supplanted the underlying fixed swapping scale framework, with IMF part states expanding from only forty out of 1947 to 182 right now (Camdessus, 1998). During these turns of events, the reserve has additionally needed to change and create itself so as to stay important and address the changing needs and requests. The reserve currently incidentally gives and advices individuals experiencing wide going conditions and issues. The store has additionally extended its degree to consolidate different components adding to soundness in the monetary frameworks and financial development. The reserve presently advocates for its individuals deregulating their household economies to help private part exercises. In addition, it has required the part governments to decrease unfruitful government spending, spend more on fundamental human needs, guarantee responsibility in corporate and government issues and an increasingly effective exchange on financial arrangements with the common society and work (Camdessus, 1998). The IMF has helped its individuals in managing different issues and issues that were not foreseen at the's foundation. For example, the store helped in making a system to reuse the surpluses of oil exporters and aided in financing oil-related shortages in certain nations during the 1970s vitality emergency. During the 1980s, the reserve helped the Latin American nations in defeating an obligation emergency (Camdessus, 1998). In 1989, IMF helped in structuring and financing generous worldwide endeavors required to help the 26 progress nations of Eastern Europe and the previous USSR to desert the heritage of brought together arranging. Somewhere in the range of 1994 and 1995, IMF got Mexico out

Friday, August 21, 2020

Psychology of Physical Activity-Free-Samples-Samples for Students

Question: Examine about the Psychology of Physical Activity. Answer: Presentation and depiction of the film Vehicles 3 is a 3D energized sports satire film delivered by Pixar and is the third continuation of Cars and Cars 2. The film is tied in with Lightening Mcqueen, an incredible race vehicle who set out to demonstrate that he was as yet the best race vehicle on the planet when he was bit by bit pushed of the game by the new age innovative race. Helping McQueen was an incredible hero of vehicle hustling until the new age cutting edge race vehicle Jackson Storm vanquished him multiple times in succession and therefore at first, de got exceptionally demotivated. Be that as it may, this stage was not a long one for the legend. Being an inspirational film, Cars 3 demonstrated how Lightening McQueen as opposed to resigning from the game, made the important strides so as to win the last race in Florida in the wake of being roused by his companions and without anyone else. So as to get cutting edge instructional course, at first, he joined the Rust-eze Racing focus where he meets Cruz Ramirez, a youthful coach, who could be dashing vehicle yet lost trust in her capacity because of steady demotivation. During his instructional meeting under Smokey Yunick, McQueen discovered that Cruz, being another age race vehicle, has the possibility to protect Jackson Storm and henceforth he gave his last chance to substantiate himself in the race to her. In the peak, Cruz who was at first looked downward on by the egotistical Jackson Storm crushed him in the last race because of consistent inspiration from McQueen and Lightening McQueen turned into his glad coach. Inspiration in Sports Inspiration, which is one of the most examined themes when all is said in done brain research, has additionally increased huge significance in exercise and sports brain science. Essentially, in present day days, physical action in youth from two perspectives, to be specific improvement in wellbeing just as sports contribution and execution has been given gigantic significance. Henceforth, it has gotten essential to comprehend the explanation for interest and stop of youth in physical exercise and sports. As per specialists, compelling combination of inspirational speculations will empower a superior comprehension of the persuasive procedure in sports and exercise. Assessment of Cars 3 with the assistance of inspirational speculations The underlying piece of the film has productively shown the games responsibility, inborn inspiration and conscience orientated execution of Lightening McQueen (Jesaar, Hein Hagger, 2012). Being an unbelievable dashing vehicle, Lightening McQueen had an enormous fan following and regard in the realm of vehicle hustling which gave him fulfillment and pleasure. These components alongside his affection for the referenced game roused him to win every single race he partook in. Jackson Storm, the new innovative race vehicle, then again, was seen was found as exhibiting a self image arranged execution. One of the main wellsprings of his inspiration was to crush Lightening and involve the spot of the best race vehicle over the world. In this procedure, he was exceptionally empowered by the media. The games duty of Lightening McQueen was confirm when he got vanquished sequentially multiple times by Storm (Deci Ryan, 2012). While other dashing vehicles of his time gave up to the new age innova tive hustling vehicles, the game duty of McQueen urged him to demonstrate his capacity to remain the best race vehicle. His companions went about as the social requirements whose desires additionally roused McQueen to remain engaged with Car Racing. So as to give innovative offices with the goal that he can overcome Storm, two of his companion made an individual venture by offering their property to shape the new cutting edge preparing focus. Another central hypothesis relatable to the previously mentioned film is the Social Cognitive hypothesis. Being one of the most praised dashing vehicles, McQueen was sure about his vehicle hustling abilities because of his past effective exhibitions. His self-productivity had persuaded him to not to offer up to the new age dashing vehicles to an incredible level. Another boss persuasive wellspring of Lightening MacQueen was his previous mentor Doc Hudson. His recollections alongside the support from his friends furnished him with social influence (Arifin, 2014). In the long run, McQueen gave the equivalent to Cruz so as to propel her to comprehend her capability of being a racer. Both McQueen and Cruz supposedly was in a Physiological and Affective state in the film. The last possibility gave to McQueen by the proprietor of Rust-eze to demonstrate him before the hustling scene went about as a wellspring of roundabout inspiration. The spare feeling circumstance was experienced by Cruz during the peak of the film when McQueen offered her to partake in the last Race and demonstrate the world that she has a place with the dashing scene regardless of her little size. At first, it was discovered that Cruz Ramirez experienced amotivation and instability because of her little size contrasted with the other hustling vehicles. Notwithstanding, during the instructional meeting at Smokey's place, McQueen saw that she has the potential as an effective race vehicle ever. In this period of the story, the hypothesis of Competence Motivation is material (Gunnell et al., 2014). During the instructional meeting, Cruz end up being an extreme contender of the unbelievable dashing vehicle McQueen. By then, she alongside McQueen recognized her possibility as a race vehicle. This sentiment of competency alongside the positive input of Lightening McQueen, who was the symbol of Cruz during her youth, empowered Cruz to get the open door gave by McQueen to finish and win the last race of Florida. Remarks offering individual knowledge While viewing the film I found that the games brain science portrayed in Cars 3 bears high comparability with the speculations and ideas I learned in my Course. The way the main characters of the referenced film, that is, Lightening McQueen and Cruz Ramirez were spurred by their companions helped me to remember the Social intellectual hypothesis. Aside from that, oneself inspiring mentalities of Lightening McQueen helped me to remember the Sport Commitment hypothesis. At long last, the way that from youth, Cruz was made to accept that she can never be a piece of the vehicle hustling industry helped me to remember the idea of Amotivation. At the hour of the peak of the film, Cruz recovered his conviction that she could turn into a vehicle racer. This change was conceivable because of the inspiration gave by her youth motivation Lightening McQueen. This scene helped me to remember the Theory of fitness. Hence, I had the option to relate my mental learning while at the same time viewing the film. Reference List: Arifin, H. M. (2014). The impact of skill, inspiration, and authoritative culture to secondary teacher work fulfillment and performance.International Education Studies,8(1), 38. Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (2012). Inspiration, character, and advancement inside inserted social settings: A review of self-assurance theory.The Oxford handbook of human inspiration, 85-107. Gunnell, K. E., Crocker, P. R., Mack, D. E., Wilson, P. M., Zumbo, B. D. (2014). Objective substance, inspiration, mental need fulfillment, prosperity and physical action: A trial of self-assurance hypothesis more than 6 months.Psychology of Sport and Exercise,15(1), 19-29. Jesaar, H., Hein, V., Hagger, M. S. (2012). Youth competitors impression of self-rule support from the mentor, peer persuasive atmosphere and characteristic inspiration in sport setting: One-year effects.Psychology of Sport and Exercise,13(3), 257-262.

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

How to Interview With C-level Executives

How to Interview With C-level Executives Job interviews can be a nerve wracking experience. You want to come across as the perfect person for the job. You want them to know everything about your awesome skills, experience, and personality.You want to be seen as confident, but not too confident to the point of arrogance. You want to appear relaxed, but no too relaxed.You need to prepare responses for the questions you are likely to encounter, but prepare too much and your responses might come off as canned and rehearsed. Like a tightrope walker on a thin rope high above a gorge, it’s all about achieving a delicate balance.While acing a job interview is challenging in itself, the challenges become even more pronounced when you are interviewing for an executive position.The stakes are far much higher â€" bigger responsibilities, a better and more respected job title, and the salary you have been dreaming of.With such high stakes, it is inevitable that the interview will also be more intense, and you have to put in more effor t to triumph over all the other qualified candidates.There is something else that makes interviewing for executive positions more challenging.Unlike in the lower ranks where you normally interviewed with middle level managers, when interviewing for an executive position, you are going to be interviewing with the top brass â€" C level executives.Interviewing with this group is a whole different ball game.They are more experienced â€" both in the company operations and the general industry, and in interviewing candidates, and they are more invested in the company.They are busy people who have no tolerance for the incompetent.So, how do you impress this group and convince them that you are the best person for the job?In today’s article, we are going to look at some tips on how to interview with C level executives.Before we get to that, however, I want to mention something about that will form the basis of this article.There is a great difference between C level executives and the mid -level managers you were used to interviewing with before.These two groups of people think differently. When interviewing with C level executives, you should keep in mind that they are not really interested in little details.Instead, they are more focused on the bigger picture, and their thinking is more focused on the long term. Unlike mid-level managers, C level executives are more focused on strategy than day to day tasks.Finally, C level executives are more concerned with the future of the company and the role you can play in that future, rather than what you have done in the past. If you want to impress C level executives, you have to keep these points in mind.With that out of the way, let’s now move on to the tips on how to interview with C level executives when interviewing for an executive position. TAILOR YOUR COMMUNICATION STYLE FOR EXECUTIVESThe style of communication that might have worked when interviewing with mid-level managers will not cut it once you start intervi ewing with C level executives.You will need to tailor your communication style to match the expectations of executives.I mentioned above that C level executives are more focused on strategy than details.When interviewing with mid-level executives, you were probably used to providing lots of backgrounds and details before giving your answer.For people who are not interested in getting into detail, this won’t work.When answering questions by C level executives, you should focus on answering the question directly without beating around the bush or providing lots of unnecessary details.Don’t make them wait for the answer while you wade through endless details.Most executives are used to communicating directly and effectively, without wasting any time.By providing too much background information and details, it might seem as if you are stalling your answer while trying to get a feel for the interviewer or read their body language.In the process of providing endless details and backgr ound info, there is also a chance that you might shoot yourself in the foot and thereby hurt your chances of getting the job.When a C level executive asks you a question, the first thing you should do is to provide a direct answer.Any details, background information or explanation of your reasoning should come after you have provided your answer.For instance, when asked to describe your five year plan, someone who is used to interviewing with mid-level managers might give the following answer:“I have had a lot of passion for computers ever since I was young, which is why I chose to pursue a degree in computer science. After graduating with my degree in computer science, I worked for two years with a company that dealt with artificial intelligence and machine learning, among other things. I got interested in artificial intelligence and decided to pursue a masters in the same. Having completed my masters, my plan is to get into a position where I will be in charge of a team working on big AI projects.”In this answer, the candidate starts by providing a lot of background information that is not really relevant to the question being asked.While this might work with a mid-level manager, a C level executive won’t be interested in hearing about your degrees or why you decided to pursue a Masters in Artificial Intelligence.That does not answer the question. The only thing they want to know are your plans for the next five years. When answering a C level executive, your answer should be direct and to the point.If the executive is interested in hearing some background information, they will ask for it. The following answer might be more appropriate in this situation:“My 5 year plan is to head an artificial intelligence department in a company that is using this technology on projects that are going to have a huge impact in the world of business.I believe that the field of artificial intelligence and machine learning holds a lot of potential for business, and I w ant to use my skills in the field to be part of the people driving the revolution of AI for business automation. With my background and experience, I believe I have what it takes to achieve this goal within the next five years.”Short, sweet, and to the point. No beating around the bush, or providing unnecessary details.Notice how the first sentence in this response answers the interviewer’s question?CONDUCT IN-DEPTH RESEARCHResearching your target company is an essential part of preparing for an interview, regardless of the position you are interviewing for.You need to know what the company does, their business model, and so on.When you are targeting an executive position and are going to interview with C level executives, however, you have to be more thorough with your research.You want to show them that you know everything there is to know about the company and their business.This means you need to go beyond a quick review of the company’s website.Start by researching the po sition you are applying for.Study it thoroughly and check each of the requirements for the job.The more you know about the job and what it pertains, the easier it will be for you to show that you are the right person for this job.After making sure you have understood each requirement, match up the requirements with your strengths, taking care to find the best strength for each requirement.After learning all you can about the position and matching the requirements to your strengths, come up with some detailed and specific scenarios that you can use to demonstrate these strengths.Remember, C level executives don’t just want to hear that you have a certain strength. If you can demonstrate to them how you have put it into use, it will put you ahead of your competitors.After researching the position, move on to the company itself. Don’t just stop at what the company does. If it is a public company, go through its financial statements and understand its financial situation.Even if it is a private company, articles written about the business might give you some insights into its financial position.Identify the company’s key leaders and decision makers and try to learn as much as you can about their backgrounds.Using tools like LinkedIn, you can easily find out the company’s leaders and learn about their educational and professional backgrounds, and even their personal interests.Go to the company’s website and read through its HR section to get a feel for the organization’s corporate culture.You should also go through the company’s recent press releases.This will give you insights about the company’s initiatives and future business plans.Next, move on to the general market and industry in which the company operates.What current and recent trends are there within the industry?Are there any upcoming changes within the market, and what impact will they have on the company’s business needs?If possible, find someone with experience in the industry and hav e a chat with them about various issues and developments within the industry.Finally, conduct a thorough review on the company’s competitors.How are the financials of its competitors? Where is the company performing better than its competitors? Where is it lagging behind?Are competitors planning to launch any new products and services in the future, and if so, how will this affect the market? What can your target company do in response to this?If possible, come up with a comparative strategy analysis of your target company and its top competitors.When going to interview for an executive position, you need to have a grasp of all the issues affecting the company’s business, which is why all this research is necessary.It shows the C level executives that you have a focus on the big picture, and that you are a proactive person.The research will also help you determine whether this company is the right fit for you (remember, an interview is a two way process.The interviews are trying to find out if you are the right fit for the job, while you should be trying to determine if the company is aligned with your personal goals).Finally, conducting a thorough research will give you insights that will help you come up with thoughtful, probing questions when given the chance.Asking the right questions in an interview can give you a great advantage over other candidates.BE READY TO ANSWER TOUGH INTERVIEW QUESTIONSWhen interviewing for an executive position, the stakes are quite high.If you do get the position, your decisions will have an impact on the company’s bottom line as well as the trajectories of the lives of people working under you.When interviewing for such a position, the interviewer has to do their best to make sure that they hire the best person for the job.In order to learn as much as possible about you within the short time an interview allows for, you can expect that the interviewers will ask tough questions that will help them get a glimpse into your personality, decision making processes, thinking processes, values, and so on.The questions will also be trying to assess how well you will fit into the organizational culture and the management team.Some of the questions you might be asked include:Can you describe your management style for us?What is that one mistake you made in your professional life that you wish you could go back and fix?Have you ever been part of a team that failed on a project it was working on?How do you manage conflict?Have you ever had your work criticized by your boss? What happened?What’s the most significant change you ever went through in your career? How did you handle the change?Questions about failure are especially very common when interviewing with C level executives.Anyone can talk about their strengths, but it takes a person who is truly confident in themselves to talk about their failures and weaknesses.The C level executives will also be trying to evaluate your attitude towards failure.Whenev er you encounter questions asking about moments when you experienced failure, avoid the temptation to get defensive or to try and shift blame for the failure.When answering such questions, the best approach is to mention a situation where you failed to achieve the expected outcome, and then quickly move on to explaining what you did to remedy the situation and what you were able to achieve after taking corrective measures to remedy the situation.When answering questions about failure, you should be very cautious to avoid mentioning some of your flaws without realizing it.BE PREPARED TO DEMONSTRATE YOUR LEADERSHIP STYLEOf course, if you are interviewing for an executive position, you will be expected to have some leadership skills.Not only does your prospective employer want someone who can deliver results, they also want someone whose leadership style is well aligned with the organizational culture.Therefore, you should be ready to articulate your leadership philosophy, and have som e ready real-life examples that you will use to demonstrate this philosophy.Some questions the C level executives might ask to assess your leadership style include:Describe the best and worst bosses you have ever worked for. What did you love or hate about their style of leadership?Why do you think you will be effective in this role?How do you make sure that your direct reports buy into your ideas?Which books would you recommend to someone who wants to become a great leader?What is the most important lesson you have ever learnt as a manager?When answering questions about your leadership style, you want to give the interviewers insights into your evolution as a leader.Regardless of your chosen leadership style, one thing you should make clear is that your leadership style is focused on achieving results.FOCUS ON ACCOMPLISHMENTS RATHER THAN ACTIVITIESWhen asked to talk about their job experience, most people tend to talk about the job positions they held and the activities that they d id in this position.This might work when interviewing with mid-level managers.When interviewing with C level executives, however, giving such a response will only hurt your chances of getting the job. C level executives are not interested in hearing about your job description.They are more interested in what you accomplished while holding those positions.Talking about your accomplishments gives them insights into your work ethic.If you were able to achieve great results in your past positions, there is a high likelihood you will also be focused on accomplishing great things in this position, which is what C level executives are looking for â€" an achiever.Before walking into the interview, you should equip yourself with real-life anecdotes to demonstrate the impact you made in your previous position.When talking about your accomplishments, always use metrics to describe them where possible.Talk about the impact you made in terms of gross and net profits, revenues, industry and compa ny rankings, shareholder value, restructurings, growth strategies, and so on.In other words, your accomplishments and the impact you made should be quantifiable.Showing your accomplishments in quantifiable terms shows that you are a person who is capable of making real change within an organization.FOCUS ON YOUR PASSION, SOFT SKILLS, AND CULTURE FITWhen interviewing you, C level executives are going to be more focused on your soft skills, your passion for the job, and how you fit within the organization’s culture.The higher you go in your career, the less important your technical skills become.At these levels, what drives success is your ability to work with and manage people, as well as your passion for the job.This is what you need to show your C level interviewers.Focus on soft skills such as communication skills, leadership skills, decision making skills, teamwork and collaboration, management skills, problem solving skills, innovativeness, flexibility, interpersonal skills, a nd so on.You should also show that you are passionate about the job. The word passion is derived from the Latin word pati, which means suffer.This means that someone who is passionate about something is one who cares so much about this thing to the extent that they are willing to suffer for it.This is the kind of person C level executives are looking for. They want someone who will be so driven by their passion for the job that they will be willing to push themselves through challenges and adversity in order to achieve results.Finally, C level executives also care about how well you are going to fit within the organizational culture. According to Mark Murphy, CEO of Leadership IQ and author of Hiring For Attitude, 46% of new hires fail within 18 months of getting hired.Of these, 89% fail because they are not culturally compatible with the organization.The higher the position you are interviewing for, the more concerned the employer is about your success in the position, which is why cultural fit matters so much when interviewing for executive positions.Therefore, you need to show that your personal behaviors, values and qualities match the needs of the organization, and that you believe in the organization’s vision.You should also try to cultivate a personal connection with the interviewers.ASK THE RIGHT QUESTIONSWhen given the chance to ask questions, C level executives will also use this as an additional opportunity to learn about you.This is because they know that the kind of questions you ask provide insights into the kind of things you consider to be important.It also shows how interested you are in the role.When given the chance to ask questions, ask smart questions that are focused on the bigger picture, instead of only focusing on the position you are interviewing for. Some good questions to ask here include:What is the company’s vision for the next five to ten years?What role does this department play in driving the company’s growth?What impact will my work have on the company’s overall mission?Which of the company’s upcoming initiatives do you think are very interesting? When asking questions, avoid asking questions that lead to dead ends. These are the kind of questions that do not give any opportunities for following up once a response is provided.Asking such questions gives the impression that you are someone who is not interested in digging deep to unearth all information, which might in turn make you come across as a poor leader, one who makes decisions without gathering all the requisite information.Instead, go for questions that allow you to drill down a response and ask follow-up questions.This will show that you are a thoughtful person who tries to get all the information they can before making a decision.WRAPPING UPInterviewing with C level executives can be a bit of a challenge if you are not used to it. This is because they think differently from mid-level managers.C level executives are more focused on th e bigger picture and long term strategies instead of details.When interviewing with them, you should tailor your communication style to suit them by being direct and to the point when giving responses.In addition to tailoring your communication style, when interviewing with C level executives, you should also conduct deeper, more thorough research, be ready to answer tough questions, be prepared to demonstrate your leadership style, focus on accomplishments rather than activities, sell your passion, soft skills, and culture fit, and ask the right questions.

Saturday, June 27, 2020

Lab #5 Writing Assignment Thinning Agents Objectives - 1650 Words

Lab #5 Writing Assignment: Thinning Agents Objectives (Lab Report Sample) Content: Students NameProfessors NameCourse TitleDate of SubmissionLab #5: Thinning AgentsObjectivesThe experiment aimed at enabling the students to understand how to control the properties of drilling fluid using chemical agents referred to as thinners. The learners were expected to understand some kinds of thinners as well as their characteristics as applied to drilling fluid. During this experiment, the learners were expected to understand some characteristics of drilling fluids such as the volume of filtrate, viscosity, and density. The students were supposed to interpret the effect of the thinners into the fluid based on their characteristics CITATION Fat15 \l 2057 (Fatemeh and Belyadi).ProcedureIn this experiment, the students were arranged into four groups of three students. Each of the four groups was assigned different sample compositions of Aquagel and Zeogel added to Carbonox (for the Aquagel mud), and Q-Broxin (for the Zeogel mud) to observe the mud properties suc h as temperature, viscosity, density, and filtration properties CITATION Fat15 \l 2057 (Fatemeh and Belyadi).At the start of the experiment, the learners were required to calculate the amount of the clay required (Aquagel and Zeogel) to obtain the desired density of the mud equal to 22.5 ppb. Firstly, each of the samples was weighed to attain a specific amount of the clay (in grams) using a digital weighing scale. The weight of the clay was determined by the required concentration (ppb) of each sample that was convertible during the calculations.When all the samples were prepared, each of them was dissolved in 500ml of water using a blender cup. The water was measured using the calibrated cylinder to get the required concentration in ppb. The dissolving process was carried out using a mud mixture for some more minutes until a uniform mixture was obtained to allow the particles of clay to get into good contact with the water molecules. The required amount of the specific thinner was added during mixing.After obtaining a uniform mud, the mud balance was used to measure the density of the mud. The mud balances cup was filled with the mud and then a lid was used to cover it so that only a small portion of the mud would escape. Then, the arm of the mud balance was set on the pivot while the sliding load was adjusted until both sides were at equilibrium. After that, the density of the mud was recorded in ppg from the left of the sliding mass. After measuring the mud density, the clay was taken back to blender cup.The next step was to measure the resistivity and the temperature of the mud by application of direct-reading from the resistivity meter. To utilize the device, the dry resistivity cell was filled with the mud and then stirred. The cell was connected to the post of the meter. The device was turned on and the choice of the scale for the measurement was made. Two measurements of temperature and resistivity were involved. In measuring the resistivity, the scal e was positioned to the left and reading the data was begun. The units for the resistivity used was the ohm-m, whereas, that of temperature was Fahrenheit CITATION Fat15 \l 2057 (Fatemeh and Belyadi).In the next step, the viscosity was measured using the viscosimeter. The viscosimeter is made up of a rotor sleeve which revolves at a constant speed, and an inner bob that has torsion spring to hold it in position. The mud was filled into the mud cup until the content reached the top limitation line. The cup was later positioned under the rotor sleeve, and the rotor inserted up to the second line in the cup. The rotational velocity of the rotor was adjusted to the required valued off 600 rpm, 300 rpm, for the first and final trial that allowed the mud to stir and made reading steady. All the readings were read and recorded to facilitate the calculations.The filter loss was later measured by application of the filter press made up of the cylinder, rubber boots for holding the fluid int o the steel container, and a small calibrated cylinder ( with units of 10ml) to allow the measurement of the water loss. The following were the dry parts assembled systematically; a base cap, a rubber gasket, a screen, a filter paper, and a cell. The cell was placed onto the base cap. Then, the cup was filled with the mud, while the rubber gasket was placed onto the top of the cell prior to placing it at the top cap. The press was put in place on its stand and hooking up of the pressure apparatus followed. The sample was subjected to a pressure of 100 psi and the water loss was measured using the calibrated cylinder placed under the press. The amount of the water lost was recorded after every minute for 7.5 minutes taken using a stopwatch.After the process of filtration, the filter paper was evacuated and placed on a flat area to measure the thickness of the mud cake using the caliper. The filtrates resistivity, as well as the mud cakes temperature, were measured as described earlie r. The above procedure and steps were repeated for the other compositions using the 2nd and 3rd samples. At the end of the experiment, all the equipment were cleaned and stored accordingly. The data observed were exchanged among the various groups.MaterialsGroup 1:a) Aquagelb) Aquagel plus 8g of Carbonoxc) Zeogel plus 4g Q-BroxinGroup 2:a) Aquagel plus 2g of Carbonoxb) Zeogelc) Zeogel plus 8g Q-BroxinGroup 3:a) Aquagel plus 4g of Carbonoxb) Zeogel plus 10g of Q-Broxinc) Zeogel plus 2g Q-BroxinGroup 4:a) Aquagel plus 12g of Carbonoxb) Zeogel plus 12g of Q-Broxinc) Aquagel plus 10g Q-BroxinEquipmentThe following equipment was used in the experiment;Data and MeasurementsThe following table (Table 1) shows the required concentration of all the samples that were prepared. The weight of the clay needed in the concentration preparation was calculated using the equation below (equation 1). More details concerning the data are covered in the results and calculations.Weight gm=Concentration p pbx1gm350cc 1ppbx500cc---1 pp=1gm350ccEquation 1NB. The required volume of water for all samples was 500cc.Table 1: Data MeasurementsTable 2: Viscosity MeasurementsTable 3: Water Loss Filtration MeasurementsTable 4: Resistivity, Temperature, and Mud Thickness MeasurementsResults and CalculationsThe conversion of the required concentration into mass of clay with the 500cc of waterWeight gm=Concentration ppbx1gm350cc 1ppbx500cc--1 pp=1gm350ccWeight gm=22.5ppb x 1gm350cc 1ppbx500cc=32.1gmCalculation of viscosityUsing sample 1(a), (Aquagel)Plastic Viscosityp=Ã' ²600-Ã' ²300=36-20=16cpApparent viscositya=Ã' ²6002=362=18cpCalculation of Yield Pointy=Ã' ²300-p=20-16=4lbs/100ft2Calculation of the 30 minutes loss of waterThe water lost in 30 minutes for each sample was calculated using the equation below (equation 2).t30=2(t7.5-tspurt)+ tspurt(cc)Equation 2where t30 is the water lost after 30 minutes, t7.5is the water lost after 7.5 minutes,and the tspurt refers to the initial water loss.Usi ng sample 1(a) (Aquagel) as indicated in table 3;t30=28.5-1+ 1=16 ccThe table below, (table 5) indicates the 30 minutes loss of water for each sample.Table 5: Calculated 30-minutes loss of waterGraphsAquagel plus Thinner Concentration (Carbonox)Graph 1: Concentration of Carbonox vs. Plastic Viscosity (Aquagel Mud)Graph 2: Concentration of Carbonox vs. Apparent Viscosity (Aquagel Mud)Graph 3: Concentration of Carbonox vs. Yield Point (Aquagel Mud)Graph 4: Filtrate volume vs. Root of time (Aquagel Mud plus Carbonox Concentration)Zeogel plus the thinning concentration (Q-Broxin)Graph 5: Concentration of Q-Broxin vs. Plastic viscosity (Zeogel Mud)Graph 6: Concentration of Q-Broxin vs. Apparent viscosity (Zeogel Mud)Graph 7: Concentration of Q-Broxin vs. Yield Point (Zeogel Mud)Graph 8: Filtrate volume vs. Root of time (Zeogel Mud plus Q-Broxin Concentration)DiscussionLooking at Graph 1 and 2, the plastic viscosity, as well as the apparent viscosity of the Carbonox concentration in the A quagel mud, tended to decrease at the low rate. However, for the higher concentration (10-12 gm of the Carbonox) the viscosity seemed to increase. The yield point for the Carbonox concentration in the Aquagel Mud increased with the increase in the Carbonox concentration as shown in graph 3.Considering graph 5 and 6, the apparent and plastic viscosity for the Q-Broxin concentration in the Zeogel mud seemed to decrease rapidly up to the min point and then remain constant. Graph 7 also indicates similar results whereby the yield point for the Q-Broxin concentration in the Zeogel mud decreased rapidly up to the minimum point and then remained constant at the higher concentration.Considering graph 4 the volume of the filtrate increased for certain co...

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Masculine and Feminine French Nouns How to Tell Them Apart

A noun is a word that represents a person, place, or thing, whether concrete (e.g., chair, dog) or abstract (idea, happiness). In French, all nouns have a gender—they are either masculine or feminine. The gender of some nouns makes sense (homme [man] is masculine, femme [woman] is feminine) but others dont: the words personne [person] and victime [victim] are always feminine, even when the person or victim is a man! It is very important to learn a nouns gender along with the noun itself because articles, adjectives, some pronouns, and some verbs have to agree with nouns; that is, they change depending on the gender of the noun they modify. The best way to learn the gender of French nouns is to make your vocabulary lists with the appropriate definite article or indefinite article. That is, rather than a list like this: livre - bookchaise - chair Make French vocabulary lists like this: un livre - bookune chaise - chair This will help you learn the gender with the noun. The gender is part of the noun and you will be much better off learning it now, as a beginner, than trying to go back after years of study and memorizing the genders of all the words youve already learned (we speak from experience).  Also, there are quite a few French nouns with different meanings depending on whether they are masculine or feminine. Gender of French Nouns French nouns are always masculine or feminine, and you usually cant determine the gender just by looking at the word or thinking about what it means. While there are some tendencies in the gender of French nouns - see the table below - there are always exceptions. Please dont use these patterns as a way to avoid learning the genders of nouns - just learn each word as gender noun and then youll know them forever. Nearly all French nouns have different forms for singular and plural. In addition, many  nouns  that refer to people and animals have both a masculine and a feminine form. Ending is usually: -age masculine Exceptions: une cage, une image, une nage, une page, une plage, une rage -eau masculine Exceptions: l'eau, la peau -à ©e feminine Exceptions: un lycà ©e, un musà ©e -ion feminine Exceptions: un avion, un bastion, billion, un million, un lion, un scion -tà © feminine Exceptions: un comità ©, un invità © In addition, most  countries  and  names  that end in e are feminine. French Nouns With Irregular Feminine Forms Most French nouns become feminine according to  regular patterns, but there are a number of irregular nouns, based on the final letter(s) of the masculine singular noun. Nouns that end in a vowel plus L, N, or T usually become feminine by doubling the consonant before adding E. Ending:  en  Ã‚  enne  Ã‚  Ã‚  Noun:  le gardien  (guard)Masculine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  le gardienFeminine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  la gardienneMasculine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  les gardiensFeminine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  les gardiennes Ending:  el  Ã‚  elle  Ã‚  Ã‚  Noun:  le colonel  (colonel)Masculine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  le colonelFeminine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  la colonelleMasculine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  les colonelsFeminine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  les colonelles Nouns that end in  er  need a  grave accent: Ending:  er  Ã‚  Ãƒ ¨re  Ã‚  Ã‚  Noun:  le  boulanger  (baker)Masculine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  le boulangerFeminine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  la boulangà ¨reMasculine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  les boulangersFeminine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  les boulangà ¨res The final letters  eur  have two possible irregular feminine endings: Ending:  eur  Ã‚  euse  Ã‚  Ã‚  Noun:  un danseur  (dancer)Masculine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  un danseurFeminine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  une danseuseMasculine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  des danseursFeminine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  des danseuses Ending:  eur  Ã‚  rice  Ã‚  Ã‚  Noun:  un acteur  (actor)Masculine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  un acteurFeminine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  une actriceMasculine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  des acteursFeminine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  des actrices Notes These rules are similar for  making adjectives feminineThe rules for making nouns feminine apply only to people and some animals. They do not apply to objects, which have only one form: masculine  or  feminine.Compound nouns  have their own gender rules. French Nouns With Irregular Plurals Most French nouns become plural according to  regular patterns, but there are a number of irregular nouns, based on the final letter(s) of the singular noun. The endings  al  and  ail  change to  aux  in the plural: Noun:  un  cheval  (horse)Masculine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  un  chevalMasculine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  des  chevaux Noun:  un travail  (task, job)Masculine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  un travailMasculine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  des travaux The endings  au,  eau, and  eu  take an X for  plural: Noun:  un  tuyau  (pipe, tip)Masculine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  un  tuyauMasculine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  des  tuyaux Noun:  un chà ¢teau  (castle)Masculine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  un chà ¢teauMasculine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  des chà ¢teaux Noun:  un feu  (fire)Masculine singular  Ã‚  Ã‚  un feuMasculine plural  Ã‚  Ã‚  des  feux